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quoting

models/<filename>.yml
version: 2

sources:
- name: jaffle_shop
quoting:
database: true | false
schema: true | false
identifier: true | false
tables:
- name: orders
quoting:
database: true | false
schema: true | false
identifier: true | false

Definition

Optionally configure whether dbt should quote databases, schemas, and identifiers when resolving a {{ source() }} function to a direct relation reference.

This config can be specified for all tables in a source, or for a specific source table. Quoting configs defined for a specific source table override the quoting configs specified for the top-level source.

BigQuery Terminology

Note that for BigQuery quoting configuration, database and schema should be used here, though these configs will apply to project and dataset names respectively

Default

The default values vary by database.

For most adapters, quoting is set to true by default.

Why? It's equally easy to select from relations with quoted or unquoted identifiers. Quoting allows you to use reserved words and special characters in those identifiers, though we recommend avoiding this whenever possible.

On Snowflake, quoting is set to false by default.

Creating relations with quoted identifiers also makes those identifiers case sensitive. It's much more difficult to select from them. You can re-enable quoting for relations identifiers that are case sensitive, reserved words, or contain special characters, but we recommend you avoid this as much as possible.

Example

models/<filename>.yml
version: 2

sources:
- name: jaffle_shop
database: raw
quoting:
database: true
schema: true
identifier: true

tables:
- name: orders
- name: customers
# This overrides the `jaffle_shop` quoting config
quoting:
identifier: false


In a downstream model:

models/<filename>.yml
select
...

-- this should be quoted
from {{ source('jaffle_shop', 'orders') }}

-- here, the identifier should be unquoted
left join {{ source('jaffle_shop', 'customers') }} using (order_id)

This will get compiled to:

select
...

-- this should be quoted
from "raw"."jaffle_shop"."orders"

-- here, the identifier should be unquoted
left join "raw"."jaffle_shop".customers using (order_id)

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