Debugging schema names

If a model uses the schema config but builds under an unexpected schema, here are some steps for debugging the issue.

info

The full explanation on custom schemas can be found here.

You can also follow along via this video:

1. Search for a macro named generate_schema_name

Do a file search to check if you have a macro named generate_schema_name in the macros directory of your project.

I do not have a macro named generate_schema_name in my project

This means that you are using dbt's default implementation of the macro, as defined here

{% macro generate_schema_name(custom_schema_name, node) -%}
{%- set default_schema = target.schema -%}
{%- if custom_schema_name is none -%}
{{ default_schema }}
{%- else -%}
{{ default_schema }}_{{ custom_schema_name | trim }}
{%- endif -%}
{%- endmacro %}

Note that this logic is designed so that two dbt users won't accidentally overwrite each other's work by writing to the same schema.

I have a generate_schema_name macro in my project that calls another macro

If your generate_schema_name macro looks like so:

{% macro generate_schema_name(custom_schema_name, node) -%}
{{ generate_schema_name_for_env(custom_schema_name, node) }}
{%- endmacro %}

Your project is switching out the generate_schema_name macro for another macro, generate_schema_name_for_env. Similar to the above example, this is a macro which is defined in dbt's global project, here.

{% macro generate_schema_name_for_env(custom_schema_name, node) -%}
{%- set default_schema = target.schema -%}
{%- if target.name == 'prod' and custom_schema_name is not none -%}
{{ custom_schema_name | trim }}
{%- else -%}
{{ default_schema }}
{%- endif -%}
{%- endmacro %}

I have a generate_schema_name macro with custom logic

If this is the case — it might be a great idea to reach out to the person who added this macro to your project, as they will have context here — you can use GitHub's blame feature to do this.

In all cases take a moment to read through the Jinja to see if you can follow the logic.

2. Confirm your schema config

Check if you are using the schema config in your model, either via a {{ config() }} block, or from dbt_project.yml. In both cases, dbt passes this value as the custom_schema_name parameter of the generate_schema_name macro.

3. Confirm your target values

Most generate_schema_name macros incorporate logic from the target variable, in particular target.schema and target.name. Use the docs here to help you find the values of each key in this dictionary.

4. Put the two together

Now, re-read through the logic of your generate_schema_name macro, and mentally plug in your customer_schema_name and target values.

You should find that the schema dbt is constructing for your model matches the output of your generate_schema_name macro.

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Note that snapshots do not follow this behavior, check out the docs on target_schema instead.

5. Adjust as necessary

Now that you understand how a model's schema is being generated, you can adjust as necessary:

  • You can adjust the logic in your generate_schema_name macro (or add this macro to your project if you don't yet have one and adjust from there)
  • You can also adjust your target details (for example, changing the name of a target)

If you change the logic in generate_schema_name, it's important that you consider whether two users will end up writing to the same schema when developing dbt models. This consideration is the reason why the default implementation of the macro concatenates your target schema and custom schema together — we promise we were trying to be helpful by implementing this behavior, but acknowledge that the resulting schema name is unintuitive.