dbt Cloud now has two distinct job types: deploy jobs for building production data assets, and continuous integration (CI) jobs for checking code changes. These jobs perform fundamentally different tasks so dbt Labs improved the setup experience with better defaults for each.
With two types of jobs, instead of one generic type, we can better guide you through the setup flow. Best practices are built into the default settings so you can go from curious to being set up in seconds.
And, we now have more efficient state comparisons on CI checks: never waste a build or test on code that hasn’t been changed. We now diff between the Git pull request (PR) code and what’s running in production more efficiently with the introduction of deferral to an environment versus a job. To learn more, refer to Continuous integration in dbt Cloud.
Below is a comparison table that describes how deploy jobs and CI jobs behave differently:
|Builds production data assets.
|Builds and tests new code before merging changes into production.
|Triggered by a schedule or by API.
|Triggered by a commit to a PR or by API.
|Builds into a production database and schema.
|Builds into a staging database and ephemeral schema, lived for the lifetime of the PR.
|Runs execute sequentially, so as to not have collisions on the underlying DAG.
|Runs execute in parallel to promote team velocity.
|Efficiency run savings
|Detects over-scheduled jobs and cancels unnecessary runs to avoid queue clog.
|Cancels existing runs when a newer commit is pushed to avoid redundant work.
|Only sometimes needs to detect state.
|Almost always needs to compare state against the production environment to build on modified code and its dependents.
What you need to update
If you want to set up a CI environment for your jobs, dbt Labs recommends that you create your CI job in a dedicated deployment environment that's connected to a staging database. To learn more about these environment best practices, refer to the guide Get started with continuous integration tests.
If you had set up a CI job before October 2, 2023, the job might've been misclassified as a deploy job with this update. Below describes how to fix the job type:
If you used the Create Job API endpoint but didn't set
"triggers":triggers.git_provider_webhook, the job was misclassified as a deploy job and you must re-create it as described in Trigger a CI job with the API.
If you used the dbt Cloud UI but didn't enable the Run on Pull Requests option that was in the Continuous Integration (CI) tab, the job was misclassified as a deploy job and you must re-create it as described in Set up CI jobs.
To check for the job type, review your CI jobs in dbt Cloud's Run History and check for the CI Job tag below the job name. If it doesn't have this tag, it was misclassified and you need to re-create the job.